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  1. Christopher Columbus (44177 bytes)
    1: ...ns claim he could have been born in other places, from the [[Aragonese_Empire|Crown of Aragó]] to the...
    5: ...is one thing that sets off Columbus' first voyage from all of these: less than two decades later, the ...
    29: ... Atlantic Ocean. The fleet came under attack by [[French privateers]] off the [[Cape of St. Vincent]],...
    31: ...and]], [[Madeira]], [[Azores|the Azores]], and [[Africa]]. Columbus's brother Bartolomeo worked as a ...
    33: ... to purchase sugar, and along the coasts of West Africa between [[1482]] and [[1485]], reaching the Po...
  2. Ibn Battuta (16481 bytes)
    2: ...am]]ic scholar and [[Jurisprudence|jurisprudent]] from the [[Maliki]] [[Madhhab]] (a school of [[Fiqh]...
    8: ... all that is known about Ibn Battuta's life comes from one source – Ibn Battuta himself (via Ibn...
    13: ...ney to Mecca was by land, and followed the North African coast of the [[Maghreb]] region quite closely...
    17: ...joined up with a caravan travelling the 800 miles from Damascus to [[Medina]], burial place of [[Muham...
    20: ...ity)|Isfahan]], which was only a few decades away from being nearly destroyed by [[Timur]]. Next were ...
  3. Steel (28384 bytes)
    2: [[Image:Steel framework.jpg|thumb|300px|Steel framework]]
    3: ...s, which are naturally arranged in a [[lattice]], from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of...
    8: ...rtant that smelting take place in a fairly oxygen-free environment. Unlike copper and tin, liquid iro...
    11:
    17: ...n this case, expansion occurs. Internal stresses from this expansion generally take the form of [[com...
  4. May (3270 bytes)
    26: * [[No Pants Day]] is celebrated the first Friday in May.
  5. June (1973 bytes)
    12: ...summer]] is celebrated in [[Sweden]] on the third Friday in June.
  6. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (35966 bytes)
    20: ...ost recently during her [[2004]] state visit to [[France]] to commemorate the centenary of the [[Enten...
    29: ...7]], when she accompanied her parents to [[South Africa]]. On her 21st birthday she made a broadcast t...
    33: ...t-great-grandmother. They are also both descended from [[Christian IX of Denmark]] (she being a great-...
    38: ...] [[1996]]) [[Diana, Princess of Wales|Lady Diana Frances Spencer]] ([[1961]]–[[1997]]); married...
    55: ...e's health declined during [[1951]] and Elizabeth frequently stood in for him at public events. She vi...
  7. Rush Limbaugh (21665 bytes)
    8: ...yst]]" and "a [[American football|football]] knee from [[high school]]" [Colford, pp 14 – 20].
    12: ...l years in [[music radio]], Limbaugh took a break from radio and accepted a position as director of pr...
    24: ...ded badly when on one show Limbaugh got into a confrontation with some [[ACT-UP]] hecklers and had to ...
    26: ...e same topics as his radio show, and was taped in front of a live audience, which he facetiously claim...
    34: ...tating that he had received incorrect information from one of his staff members.
  8. Victoria of the United Kingdom (38571 bytes)
    7: ...] from [[20 June]] [[1837]], and Empress of India from [[1876]] until her death. Her reign lasted more...
    12: ... Duke of York were already married, but estranged from their wives) and father children to provide an ...
    14: ...anguage|Greek]], [[Latin]], and [[French language|French]]. Her educator was the Reverend [[George Da...
    20: ... own marital surname was. After examining records from the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha archives, they reported t...
    23: [[Image:queen_victoria.jpg|framed|left|A young Victoria is depicted at her coro...
  9. Mary of Teck (14662 bytes)
    9: ...the House of W?berg, Mary was distantly descended from the [[Habsburgs]], the once powerful ruling fam...
    11: ...ment]]ary [[Annuity]] of [[UKP|?]]4000 plus ?4000 from her mother, the Duchess of Cambridge. Despite t...
    13: ...ld War I]], the Swiss Embassy helped pass letters from Mary to her aunt, who lived in [[Germany]].
    32: ...[[1919]]<td> suffered from epilepsy, raised apart from his royal siblings, and died young.
    44: ...b|left|'''''The Royal Family in 1913'''<br><small>From left to right, King George V, Princess Mary, <b...
  10. Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor (3681 bytes)
    12: ...t easy because they were avoiding the real war in France and the future invasion. The allied soldiers ...
    20: # [[David Astor|Francis David Langhorne Astor]] (1912-2001)
  11. Janet Reno (5747 bytes)
    30: ...ther, Henry Reno, immigrated to the United States from [[Denmark]] and for forty-three years was a pol...
    34: ...ore than 500 students. She received her [[LL.B.]] from Harvard three years later. Despite her Harvard ...
    42: ...deral government as a threat to their fundamental freedoms.
    52: ... early intervention efforts to keep children away from gangs, drugs and violence and on the road to st...
    73: *''Much of the text above comes from the Department of Justice website at: http://ww...
  12. Eleanor Roosevelt (11183 bytes)
    3: ...moting the [[New Deal]] and visited troops at the frontlines during [[World War II]]. She was a [[Firs...
    5: ...tes of America|United Nations Association]] and [[Freedom House]]. She chaired the committee that draf...
    9: ...exual explorations outside marriage by FDR (See [[Franklin Delano Roosevelt|FDR]] for more information...
    11: ...rom the Johannes branch and Franklin is descended from the Jacobus branch.
    13: ...f the Democratic Party, which Alice viewed as an afront to Theodore Roosevelt's position as President....
  13. Mary Pickford (7523 bytes)
    1: [[Image:MaryPicford.jpg|right|frame|Mary Pickford]]
    9: ...Award for Best Actress]] in [[1929]], but retired from films four years later, after a series of disap...
    15: ...f his death, Pickford reportedly began to weep in front of her new husband, Rogers, saying "My darling...
    27: ...,000 and complete control over her films, ranging from script to the final cut.
    36: ...ies she had made in her prime) was shocked by her frail appearance and her nearly unintelligible speec...
  14. Grace Hopper (7469 bytes)
    3: ...aduated [[Phi Beta Kappa Society|Phi Beta Kappa]] from [[Vassar College]] with a bachelor's degree in ...
    5: ...for it. At the end of the war she was discharged from the Navy, but she continued to work on the deve...
    9: ... extended her FLOW-MATIC language with some ideas from the IBM equivalent, the COMTRAN. However, it wa...
    12: Hopper retired from the Naval Reserve with the rank of Commander at...
    16: ... a [[rear admiral]]. She retired (involuntarily) from the Navy in [[1986]].
  15. Josephine Baker (5957 bytes)
    3: ...known as "The Black Venus." She became a [[France|French]] [[citizen]] in [[1937]].
    7: ...as adorned with a [[diamond]] collar. The leopard frequently escaped into the orchestra pit, where it ...
    9: ...e [[United States|U.S.]], she would have suffered from the [[racism|racial]] prejudices common to the ...
    13: ...isoned, she managed to excuse herself and escaped from the chalet through a laundry chute. After the w...
    15: Yet despite her popularity in France, she was never really able to obtain the same...
  16. Alanis Morissette (25762 bytes)
    6: Alanis's Surname "Morissette" is French in origin. Her [[1995]] international debut ...
    12: ...er early idols, and said over the intercom at the front gates: ''"Hi, I'm Alanis. I want to meet you o...
    23: ...he would later write about in songs such as "UR" (from the album ''[[Supposed Former Infatuation Junki...
    38: ...is''. The album attempted to move Morissette away from her debut album's dance-pop sound. However, ''N...
    42: ...to [[Nashville]] a few months later also proved unfruitful.
  17. Tori Amos (27672 bytes)
    3: ...os&#8217;s voice and mostly piano-based music has frequently been compared to that of [[Kate Bush]], [...
    7: ... she adopted the name "Tori," after a friend of a friend told her that she looked more like a Tori tha...
    10: ...by ear at Peabody and her difficulty with playing from sheet music &ndash; with Caton, [[Matt Sorum]] ...
    16: ...onsidered it a step sideways rather than forwards from ''Little Earthquakes''. In February, she began ...
    20: ...buse and Incest National Network. RAINN is a toll-free help line in the US which connects callers with...
  18. Bonnie and Clyde (17385 bytes)
    15: ...rested in late 1926, after running when police confronted him over a rental car he'd failed to return ...
    19: ... most prevalent story is that it was through his friend Clarence Clay. Clarence's sister, Bonnie's si...
    23: ...ts]] said that it was Eastham where Clyde turned "from a schoolboy to a rattlesnake."
    25: ...s, embroiled in a plan to raid Eastham prison and free associate [[Raymond Hamilton]] and others. He r...
    35: ...en or robbery victims, usually releasing them far from home, sometimes with money to help them get bac...
  19. Mary Magdalene (15420 bytes)
    12: ...and dismissed by the early church fathers. In the fragmentary text, the disciples ask questions of the...
    22: ...[Harvard Divinity School]], has observed, "The confrontation of Mary with Peter, a scenario also found...
    31: ...:10); although the Roman Catholic Church withdrew from this linkage at the [[Second Vatican Council]] ...
    33: ...ose critical scholars who are drawing conclusions from the canonic texts alone believe that the woman ...
    36: ...rance]]. Though her bones were scattered at the [[French Revolution]], her head is said to remain in h...
  20. Hannah Szenes (4490 bytes)
    59: ...nna's death cell after her execution, (translated from the Hebrew version by Avigdor Hamieri), in anot...
  21. Tallulah Bankhead (6331 bytes)
    4: ...[John H. Bankhead]] ([[1842]]-[[1920]]) (Democrat from Alabama [[1907]]-[[1920]]).
    20: In 1944, [[Alfred Hitchcock]] cast her as journalist and cynic Co...
    24: ...falling star in the Sixties. Bankhead never faded from the public eye, but was increasingly a caricatu...
    26: ...ad died in New York City of [[pneumonia]] arising from [[influenza]], complicated further by [[emphyse...
    28: ...he was married only once, to actor [[John Emery]] from 1937-1941.
  22. Katharine Hepburn (23170 bytes)
    1: [[Image:KH_40s-10.jpg|frame|right|Katharine Hepburn]]
    5: ... encouragement, were unafraid of expressing their frank views on various topics, including sex. "We w...
    7: ... teens, winning a bronze medal for figure skating from the [[Madison Square Garden]] skating club, sho...
    10: ... check... Katharine Hepburn's mother got a degree from BM in history and philosophy; can this be a mis...
    12: ...atonic fashion, and the two would remain lifelong friends. They divorced in [[1934]] after Hepburn wa...
  23. Marilyn Monroe (30186 bytes)
    1: [[Image:MarilynMonroe.jpg|right|frame|Marilyn Monroe]]
    12: ...e was declared a ward of the state. Gladys's best friend, Grace McKee, later Goddard, became her guard...
    15: [[Image:Pb1253.jpg|frame|right|Cover of the first issue of ''[[Playboy]...
    23: ...yn and her unique connection with the [[camera]]. From this point on, audiences were spellbound and Mo...
    36: [[Image:dmm.jpg|frame|right|Monroe and Joe DiMaggio on their wedding...
  24. Fanny Blankers-Koen (14562 bytes)
    3: ...ard of at a time where female athletes were still frowned upon by many. It earned her the nickname ''"...
    7: ...and set or tied 12 [[world record]]s. She retired from athletics in 1955, after which she became leade...
    35: ...the high jump competition in fourth, with bruises from the fall. The second day was more successful, a...
    43: ...&nbsp;m final. [[Audrey Patterson]], the first [[African American]] woman to win an Olympic medal plac...
    47: ...the city, she received a lot of praise and gifts. From her neighbours, she received a new bicycle: "to...
  25. Steffi Graf (16410 bytes)
    2: ...) is a former World No. 1 woman [[tennis]] player from Germany. She is widely considered to be one of ...
    10: ...ourts. This narrow focus meant that Graf made few friends on the tour in her early years, but led to a...
    14: ...powerful forehand, which earned her the nickname "Fraulein Forehand"'. Over time, Graf also developed ...
    18: ...n and did enough to claim the World No. 1 ranking from Navratilova in August 1987. She also helped Wes...
    22: ... Evert in straight sets in the final. Then at the French Open, she successfully defended her title by ...
  26. Honeysuckle (2143 bytes)
    15: ...he [[leaf|leaves]] are opposite, simple oval, and from 1-10 cm long; most are [[deciduous]] but some a...
  27. Liver (11441 bytes)
    1: ...e liver often start in ''hepato-'' or ''hepatic'' from the [[Greek language|Greek]] word for liver, ''...
    7: ...liac trunk]]. The portal vein brings venous blood from the digestive tract, so that the liver can proc...
    9: ...to form the common hepatic duct. The cystic duct (from the gallbladder) joins with the common hepatic ...
    14: ...m]], a thin, double-layered membrane that reduces friction against other organs. The peritoneum folds ...
    16: The [[falciform ligament]] is visible on the front ([[anterior]] side) of the liver. This divides...
  28. Humerus (13486 bytes)
    1: ...e in the [[arm]] or fore-legs (animals) that runs from the [[shoulder]] to the [[elbow]]. On a [[skele...
    6: ...sa'') allow the ulna room to move, but prevent it from over-flexing/extending.
    33: ...al neck which is frequently the seat of fracture. Fracture of the anatomical neck rarely occurs.
    35: ...epresented by a narrow groove separating the head from the tubercles. It affords attachment to the art...
    39: ...sertion to the Supraspinatus; the middle to the Infraspinatus; the lowest one, and the body of the bon...
  29. Mandible (13717 bytes)
    9: ...al vessels and nerve. Running backward and upward from each mental tubercle is a faint ridge, the obli...
    12: ...c]]. Extending upward and backward on either side from the lower part of the symphysis is the mylohyoi...
    15: ...rounded, longer than the superior, and thicker in front than behind; at the point where it joins the l...
    24: ...d is surmounted by two processes, the coronoid in front and the condyloid behind, separated by a deep ...
    25: ...s a thin, triangular eminence, which is flattened from side to side and varies in shape and size. Its ...
  30. Radius (bone) (8551 bytes)
    3: ...' is the [[bone]] of the [[forearm]] that extends from the inside of the [[elbow]] to the [[thumb]] si...
    14: ...ateral surface. Its upper third is prominent, and from its oblique direction has received the name of ...
    15: ...f the styloid process; it separates the posterior from the lateral surface. It is indistinct above and...
    17: ...ronator quadratus. This crest separates the volar from the dorsal surface, and gives attachment to the...
    29: ...a sharply defined ridge; it is directed obliquely from above downward and lateralward, and transmits t...
  31. Tibia (10700 bytes)
    3: ... can also refer to a type of primitive flute made from a (usually Human) shinbone, such as that of a d...
    7: ...Extensor digitorum longus takes origin and a slip from the tendon of the Biceps femoris is inserted.
    18: ...., and insertion to some fibers of the Popliteus; from its middle third some fibers of the Soleus and ...
    19: ... the interosseous membrane; it commences above in front of the fibular articular facet, and bifurcates...
    24: ...medialward, is covered by the aponeurosis derived from the tendon of the Sartorius, and by the tendons...
  32. Ulna (12105 bytes)
    16: ...ts lower extremity being very small, and excluded from the wrist-joint by the interposition of an arti...
    24: ...t medially, and the posterior ligament laterally. From the medial border a part of the [[flexor carpi ...
    30: ...Frequently, the [[flexor pollicis longus]] arises from the lower part of the coronoid process by a rou...
    34: ...l and a lateral portion by a smooth ridge running from the summit of the olecranon to the tip of the c...
    38: ...ad of the [[radius (bone)|radius]]. It is concave from before backward, and its prominent extremities ...
  33. Tooth (14790 bytes)
    11: ...''mesial'' (toward the midline), ''distal'' (away from the midline), ''occlusal'' (the top surface), '...
    42: ...ath the old one, pushing it out of the jaw. Apart from this another 8-12 teeth grow. This set can last...
    70: [[Image:Dental x-ray.jpg|right|frame|[[X-ray]]s can reveal if a person has any cavi...
    77: ...asons, and because it is thought mercury may seep from fillings into the circulation over time, a cera...
    84: ...o increase the flow of saliva. Unsweetened (sugar free) [[chewing gum]] stimulates saliva production, ...
  34. Bee (11175 bytes)
    27: ...] that they use in order to obtain the [[nectar]] from [[flower]]s. Bees have antennae made up of thir...
    29: ... on other species. Some of this pollen is carried from flower to flower, but the bulk of it is carried...
    41: ...]]s begins in the spring when the queen bee rises from hibernation. At this time the queen bee is the ...
    45: ...le]], and deposits all the [[Egg (biology)|egg]]s from which the other bees are produced. Except for h...
    47: ...upa]]e in a frame of honeycomb are referred to as frames of [[brood (honeybee)|brood]] and are often s...
  35. Blast furnace (4721 bytes)
    1: ...y this is used for the production of [[pig iron]] from [[iron ore]].
    9: ...tall [[chimney]]-like [[cauldron]] lined with [[refractory]] brick. Coke, limestone and iron ore are ...
    23: ...tated and the processed pig iron can be separated from the oxidised impurities. For some time, the pr...
    25: ... heat from the hot carbon dioxide when it escapes from the top of the furnace, further improving effic...
  36. United States (59108 bytes)
    36: established_dates = From [[Great Britain]]<br> [[July 4]], [[1776]]<br>[...
    58: ...on of the Americas]], [[thirteen colonies]] split from Great Britain and formed the United States, the...
    60: ... the [[Emancipation Proclamation]], mandating the freedom of all slaves in states in rebellion, though...
    62: ...e U.S. acquired a number of overseas possessions, from [[Cuba]] to the [[Philippines]], though it gave...
    70: ... American people. Americans enjoy [[universal suffrage]]. ''More information at the Main article: [[P...
  37. Turkmenistan (10788 bytes)
    34: | From [[Soviet Union]]<br/>&nbsp;[[October 27]], [[19...
    52: ...has been populated since ancient times, as armies from one empire to another decamped on their way to ...
    60: Separated from [[Persia]] and annexed by [[Russia]] between [[...
    66: ...is face adorns almost everything in Turkmenistan, from banknotes to bottles of [[vodka]]. The logo of ...
    96: ...ustrial production and caused the budget to shift from a surplus to a slight deficit.
  38. Greece (54754 bytes)
    1: ...cially influential in [[Europe]], [[Asia]] and [[Africa]].
    11: ...#932;&#927;&#931;<br>''([[Greek language|Greek]]: Freedom or Death)''
    29: ...]'''<br>&nbsp;- Declared<br>&nbsp;- Recognised || From the [[Ottoman Empire]]<br/>[[25 March]] [[1821]...
    42: | '''[[National anthem]]''' || [[Hymn to Freedom]]
    52: ...especially influential in [[Europe]], [[Northern Africa]] and the [[Middle East]]. Today, Greece is a ...
  39. People's Republic of China (40848 bytes)
    1: ...y, it remains a one-party [[authoritarian]] state from its true communist days.
    15: ...time in a century, and there was development of infrastructure, industry, healthcare, and education, w...
    19: ...r. Mao remained head of the Party but was removed from day to day management of economic affairs which...
    23: ...ut) and a much wider range of personal rights and freedoms for average Chinese as evidence of the succ...
    27: ...ost Chinese dissidents living abroad, many people from Hong Kong or Taiwan, ethnic minorities like Tib...
  40. Germany (46412 bytes)
    1: ...[[Austria]] and [[Switzerland]], to the west by [[France]], [[Belgium]], the [[Netherlands]] and [[Lux...
    13: ...[[German language|German]]: Unity and Justice and Freedom)
    15: ...tschen]]<br>3rd stanza (''Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit'')
    51: ...[[Romany language|Romany]] and [[Frisian language|Frisian]] are officially recognised and protected as...
    61: ...[[prince-elector]]s of the [[Holy Roman Empire]]. From ''Bildatlas der Deutschen Geschichte'' by Dr Pa...
  41. Kyrgyzstan (23226 bytes)
    37: established_dates = From the [[Soviet Union]]<br> [[31 August]] [[1991]]...
    52: ...led along the [[Yenisey River]], where they lived from the [[6th century|6th]] until the [[8th century...
    56: ...mid-[[1920s]] by the Russians to distinguish them from the Kazakhs, who were also referred to as Kirgh...
    58: ...[Joseph Stalin]], who controlled the Soviet Union from the late 1920's until [[1953]].
    62: ...eks form a majority of the population. Violent confrontations ensued, and a state of emergency and cur...
  42. Barbados (21887 bytes)
    9: ...m'''. In the [[13th century]], the Caribs arrived from South America in the third wave, displacing bot...
    11: The name "Barbados" comes from a [[Portuguese colonization of the Americas|Por...
    13: ...the Caribbean coast found the island uninhabited. From the arrival of the first British settlers in [[...
    15: ...o work the plantations, slaves were brought from Africa; the [[slave trade]] ceased a few years before...
    19: ...dos was made in [[1951]], when universal adult suffrage was introduced. This was followed by steps tow...
  43. Argentina (30219 bytes)
    35: established_dates = from [[Spain]]<br/> [[May 25]], [[1810]]<br/>[[July ...
    52: The name '''Argentina''' is derived from the [[Latin]] ''argentum'' ([[silver]]). The or...
    57: ...port. Buenos Aires formally declared independence from Spain on [[July 9]], [[1816]]. Argentines rever...
    59: ...es&mdash;especially the western pampas&mdash;came from throughout Europe.
    61: ... modern military and labor movements that emerged from the growing urban working class.
  44. Finland (29511 bytes)
    1: ...[[Gulf of Bothnia]] to the west. Finland has land frontiers with [[Sweden]], [[Norway]] and [[Russia]]...
    33: | style="vertical-align: top;" | From [[Russia]]<br/>[[6 December]] [[1917]]<br/>[[22...
    51: ..., [[chisel]]s from [[Lake Onega]], and spearheads from North Scandinavia. Currently it is considered p...
    57: ...e and in Russian propaganda promising "liberation from Swedish oppression".
    63: ...and industrial workers who despite [[universal suffrage]] in [[1906]] had found themselves without pol...
  45. Portugal (61755 bytes)
    5: ... the country's early history, stemming as it does from the Roman name ''Portus Cale'', a possibly mixe...
    15: ...C]], several waves of [[Celts]] invaded Portugal from [[Central Europe]] and intermarried with local ...
    17: ...Portugal started from the south, where they found friendly natives, the [[Conii]]. Over decades, the R...
    25: ...s. From there they aimed to reconquer their lands from the [[Moors]] (mainly [[Berber]] with some [[Ar...
    27: ...r of the Iberian Peninsula, faced new competition from other regions. The lords of the cities of [[Coi...
  46. Luxembourg (11321 bytes)
    1: ...the continental [[European Union]], bordered by [[France]], [[Germany]] and [[Belgium]].<br>
    15: ...'''[[Official languages]]''' || [[French language|French]], [[German language|German]], [[Luxembourgis...
    48: ...sup>1</sup> Prior to [[1999]]: [[Franc|Luxembourg franc]].</small>
    53: ...]], [[Habsburg]]s, [[Hohenzollern]]s and [[France|French]]. Even after the [[Treaty of Paris (1815)|de...
    101: ...on of three official languages: [[French language|French]], [[German language|German]] and [[Luxemburg...
  47. Spain (36498 bytes)
    1: ...e cities of [[Ceuta]] and [[Melilla]] in [[north Africa]], and a number of uninhabited islands on the ...
    58: ...in the sense that they are not known to have come from elsewhere), consisting of a number of separate ...
    70: ...s present languages, religion, and laws originate from this Roman period.
    73: ...frica. Much of Spain's distinctive art originates from this seven-hundred-year period, and many Arabic...
    81: ...but the uncontrolled influx of goods and minerals from [[Spanish colonization of the Americas|Spanish ...
  48. Giraffe (8140 bytes)
    16: Native to [[Africa]], the giraffe is related to [[deer]] and [[ca...
    26: ...ground, running down to the hooves. Range: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique.
    28: * West African or Nigerian Giraffe (''G.c. peralta'') &mdash...
    30: ...ubian and Rothschild's, and Angolan and Southern African giraffes, respectively, into single subspecie...
    34: ...ny structure of the neck is essentially unchanged from that of other mammals: there are no extra verte...
  49. Football (soccer) (22343 bytes)
    7: ...These names are also used to distinguish the game from other sports known as "[[football]]". <!-- Plea...
    11: ...rope]], [[Latin America]], and increasingly in [[Africa]] &mdash; football evokes great passions and p...
    17: ...g|thumb|250px|A goalkeeper dives to stop the ball from entering his goal.]]
    19: ...he ball close to their feet); by passing the ball from team-mate to team-mate; and by taking shots at ...
    21: Football is generally a free-flowing game with the ball in play at all times...
  50. Hawaii (34434 bytes)
    39: ...o grow due to active [[lava]] flows, most notably from [[Kilauea|K&#299;lauea]]. Ethnically, it is the...
    51: ...of the island chain. These islands are, in order from the northwest to southeast, Niihau, Kauai, O&#6...
    54: ...iian Islands were formed by [[volcano]]es arising from the sea floor through a vent described in geolo...
    58: The movement of the Hawaiian royal family from the Island of Hawaii to Maui and subsequently t...
    64: ...to extend their sway and defend their communities from predatory rivals. Warfare was endemic. The gen...
  51. Iowa (24205 bytes)
    45: *French explorers [[Louis Joliet]] and [[Jacques Marq...
    47: ... in June [[1833]]. Primarily, they were families from [[Ohio]], [[Pennsylvania]], [[New York]], [[Ind...
    51: ...e [[Iowa General Assembly]] passed a [[women's suffrage]] amendment in [[1870]].
    55: ...ary industry is agriculture, it also produces [[refrigerator]]s, [[washing machine]]s, [[fountain pen]...
    128: *2.1% [[African American|Black]]
  52. Wisconsin (18812 bytes)
    40: ...e English. Other theories are that the name comes from words meaning "Gathering of the Waters" or "Gre...
    47: ...] became Wisconsin's first European explorer. The French controlled the area until [[1763]], when it w...
    51: ...ocialist, [[Daniel Hoan]], was mayor of Milwaukee from [[1916]] to [[1940]]. During both the [[2000]] ...
    53: ...thousands of miners&mdash;many of them immigrants from [[Cornwall]], England&mdash;flocked to southern...
    61: ...adison is also home to the [[Vilas Zoo]] which is free for all visitors as well as the [[University of...
  53. New Jersey (35646 bytes)
    41: ...]] (the land that would become New Jersey) to two friends who had been loyal through the [[English Civ...
    43: ...lish Crown and gave sanctuary to the King. It was from the Royal Square in St. Helier that [[Charles I...
    45: ...was in the Hudson River region and came primarily from New England. The first permanent English settl...
    63: ... However, by the close of the Civil War, several African-Americans in New Jersey were still in bondage...
    70: ... two [[United States Senate|U.S. Senators]] are [[Frank R. Lautenberg]] (Democrat) and [[Jon Corzine]]...
  54. New Mexico (31079 bytes)
    38: ...[[Hispanic]] ancestry, many of whom are descended from [[Spanish Empire|Spanish]] [[colonist]]s. It al...
    46: ...ld. Dispatched from [[New Spain]], conquistador [[Francisco Vᳱuez de Coronado]] led a full-scale exp...
    50: ..."The Royal Road" as a 700 mile (1100 km) lifeline from the rest of [[New Spain]] to his remote colony....
    58: [[Napoleon Bonaparte]] of [[France]] sold the vast [[Louisiana Purchase]], which...
    60: Small trapping parties from the United States had previously reached Santa ...
  55. Santa Fe, New Mexico (9224 bytes)
    7: ...n. Many contemporary houses in the city are built from lumber, concrete blocks, and other materials bu...
    43: ..., or "The Royal City of the Holy Faith of [[Saint Francis of Assisi]]".
    45: ...1848 New Mexico was acquired by the United States from Mexico, and in 1912 New Mexico became that coun...
    49: ... all over town. The styles run the whole spectrum from [[Baroque]] to [[Post-modern]].
    60: ...rom [[Race (U.S. Census)|other races]], and 4.20% from two or more races. 47.82% of the population are...
  56. Asteroid (24334 bytes)
    1: ...is picture of [[433 Eros]] shows the view looking from one end of the asteroid across the gouge on its...
    4: The term "asteroid", meaning ''star-like'' (from the [[Greek language|Greek]] ''asteroeides'', '...
    8: ...larger than 50 m in diameter, distinguishing them from [[meteoroid]]s, which are typically [[boulder]]...
    14: ...Earth's solar system. As of [[May 23]], [[2005]], from a total of 277,090 minor planets with calculate...
    24: ...s, whereas families are much "tighter" and result from the catastrophic break-up of a large parent ast...
  57. Holiday (7753 bytes)
    5: ...ingdom]]) a holiday is rather a period spent away from home or business in [[travel]] or [[recreation]...
    19: ...]], and [[Presidents' Day|Washington's Birthday]] from fixed dates to certain [[Monday]]s in [[1968]] ...
    52: **[[Good Friday]] (Death of [[Jesus]])
    135: ...ay celebrated in the [[Commonwealth of Virginia]] from [[1984]] to [[2000]]
  58. Mercury (planet) (22924 bytes)
    1: ...st planet in the [[Solar System]]. Mercury ranges from &minus;0.4 to 5.5 in [[apparent magnitude]]; Me...
    8: (This Data comes from [http://www.answers.com/topic/mercury-in-roman-...
    10: ...[temperature]] of Mercury is 452 K, but it ranges from 90&ndash;700 K; by comparison, the temperature ...
    12: ...posited by [[comet]] impacts and/or gases arising from the planetary interior.
    182: The orbit of Mercury is eccentric, ranging from 46 million&ndash;70 million kilometres in radiu...
  59. Castle (27805 bytes)
    1: A '''castle''' (from the [[Latin]] ''castellum'', diminutive of ''ca...
    2: ...expanded into pleasure dwellings and power houses from the late 15th century, their "castle" designati...
    10: ...st and foremost castles were places of protection from an invading enemy, a place of retreat. This can...
    11: ...e weapons, built in otherwise hostile territories from which to control surrounding lands.
    14: ...nd control of a region. A castle was a stronghold from which a lord or baron could control surrounding...
  60. Food (24212 bytes)
    1: [[Image:Foods.jpg|thumbnail|right|Food from plant sources]]
    23: ...epare food prior to eating since their divergence from [[Homo erectus]], possibly even earlier.
    28: ...o eat meals together with other family members or friends and this is seen as an important social occa...
    39: ...ce on mechanised tools which have been developed, from the [[threshing machine]], [[seed drill]], thro...
    49: ===From [[plant]]s===
  61. World War I (62979 bytes)
    2: ...rst time, the first mass bombardment of civilians from the sky was executed, and some of the century's...
    6: ...democratic Islamic state, Turkey. Activity by the French and British forces in the eastern part of the...
    8: ...nch defeat in the Franco-Prussian that would lead France to exploit a Balkan crisis as a precept for a...
    10: ...attlefield, and nearly that many more on the home front due to food shortages, [[genocide]], and groun...
    11: ...?E=0&O=03300083 French National Library] (Text in French language).]]
  62. World War II (58065 bytes)
    1: ...e:nagasakibomb.jpg|thumb|295px|[[Mushroom cloud]] from the [[nuclear explosion]] over [[Nagasaki]] ris...
    6: ...ranean Sea]], [[African Theatres of World War II|Africa]], the [[Middle East Theatre of World War II|M...
    8: ... a case of [[total war]], it involved the "[[home front]]" and [[Strategic bombing|bombing of civilian...
    18: ...7. Spain's fascist government lead by [[Francisco Franco]] was a great asset in trade to the Axis powe...
    22: ...of the British Empire, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Gr...
  63. Vietnam War (102682 bytes)
    15: ... Vietnam]]<br><br>[[Viet Cong|National Liberation Front<br>(Viet Cong)]]<br><br />[[Image:Viet cong fl...
    33: The '''Vietnam War''' was fought from [[1957]] to [[1975]] between Vietnamese nationa...
    37: ...y experts consider the Vietnam War to just be one frontline in the larger [[Cold War]].
    41: ...for the Liberation of Vietnam|National Liberation Front]], a South Vietnamese opposition movement with...
    43: ...ort to maintain control of her former colony of [[French Indochina]].
  64. History of the United States (1776-1789) (19792 bytes)
    5: ...een." Further along their line of march, they confronted a much larger group of militia at a bridge i...
    7: ...nd [[Continental Congress]], with representatives from 13 of the [[United_Kingdom|British]] [[colonies...
    9: ...rson]]. However, Jefferson's work was reviewed by Franklin at length and then submitted to the Congres...
    11: ... States with a great wilderness empire stretching from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River, and incl...
    21: ...Seven Years' War]] and in North America, as the [[French and Indian War]], in 1763, Britain had emerge...
  65. February (3791 bytes)
    6: ...rom February and added it to [[August]], (renamed from [[Sextilis]] to honor himself), so that [[Juliu...
  66. March (3907 bytes)
    8: ... 1 was only instituted as [[New Year's Day]] in [[France]] in [[1564]]. [[United Kingdom|Great Britain...
    14: **french ''mars''
  67. April (9790 bytes)
    7: ...oices of the birds, and of the hearts of men", or from the [[Etruscan language|Etruscan]] name ''Apru'...
    18: * In ''[[The Canterbury Tales]]'', [[Geoffrey Chaucer|Chaucer]] found only cause for celebrat...
    63: *1906 San Francisco Earthquake (April 18, 1906)
    87: *Freedom Shrine Month
    172: *National TV-Free Week
  68. July (1516 bytes)
  69. August (4611 bytes)
    19: * On the sixth of August 1806 [[Emperor]] [[Francis II]] of the Holy Roman Empire lays down the ...
    23: * [[August 8]] [[1965]] [[Singapore]] separated from the Federation of Malaysia and became independe...
    46: ...ures du duc de Berry aout.jpg|right|thumb|August, from the ''Très riches heures du duc de Berry'']]
  70. September (2096 bytes)
    6: The name comes from the Latin ''septem'', for "[[seven]]" - Septemb...
  71. October (1849 bytes)
    6: The name is from the Latin "[[Wiktionary:octo|octo]]" for "[[eig...
  72. November (2868 bytes)
    4: ...llation of [[Libra]], passes through [[Scorpius]] from approximately the 24th through the 29th and end...
    6: The name is from the Latin ''novem'' for "[[nine]]". November wa...
    16: ...r, with the following Friday being also a day off from work for many.
  73. December (2178 bytes)
    6: The name is from the Latin ''decem'' for "[[10 (number)|ten]]". ...
  74. January 1 (18244 bytes)
    15: ...8]] - [[Bouvet Island]] is discovered by [[France|French]] explorer [[Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de ...
    20: *[[1804]] - [[France|French]] rule ends in [[Haiti]].
    22: ...] - [[Mary Shelley]]'s [[novel]] ''[[Frankenstein|Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus]]'' is first ...
    25: ...m under the [[Homestead Act]] is made by [[Daniel Freeman]] for a farm in [[Nebraska]].
    26: *[[1869]] - [[Sigma Nu]] fraternity is officially founded at the [[Virginia M...
  75. History of California (38344 bytes)
    5: During that time, the area has gone from a [[Spain|Spanish]] outpost of interest primari...
    13: ...S)|Sierra Nevada]] foothills collected [[acorn]]s from [[oak]] trees, ground them, and leached out the...
    25: ====Francisco de Ulloa====
    26: {{main|Francisco de Ulloa}}, also [[Island of California]]
    28: ...ved by the renewal of those stories, Cortés sent Francisco de Ulloa out with three small vessels. He ...
  76. Embryo (1444 bytes)
    1: ...0px|Embryos (and one [[tadpole]]) of the wrinkled frog (''Rana rugosa'').]]
    5: ...ins to [[Germination|germinate]] &mdash; grow out from the seed &mdash; it is called a '''seedling'''.
    7: ...hildbirth|birth]] or hatching. In humans, this is from the eighth week of [[gestation]].
  77. Economics (30960 bytes)
    1: '''Economics''' (deriving from the [[Greek language|Greek]] words &#959;&#943;...
    7: ..., and economists have also studied topics ranging from marriage to the death penalty and optimal polit...
    9: ...or good prices while sellers put forth their best front in [[Chichicastenango]] Market, [[Guatemala]]....
    15: ...a macro-economic view of the economy, but does so from a strictly constructed microeconomic viewpoint.
    25: ... &ndash; as its body of results emerges naturally from microeconomics &ndash; but has today effectivel...
  78. Religion (72319 bytes)
    10: The word religion is thought to derive from one of two combinations of Latin roots. The fi...
    25: ...sion, see [[approaches to distinguishing religion from non-religion]].
    38: *An ethical framework, including a definition of activities whic...
    53: ... Commandments]] of the [[Old Testament]], flowing from the beliefs rather than being defined by the be...
    54: ...xt|texts they hold as sacred]] uniquely different from other writings, and which records or is the bas...
  79. Pope Telesphorus (1411 bytes)
    1: ...cio" says that he was Greek by birth, and reigned from [[127]] or [[128]] to [[137]] or [[138]]. The t...
  80. Pope Anicetus (1719 bytes)
    1: ...57]] to [[153]] or [[168]]). He was a [[Syria]]n from [[Emesa]]. According to [[Irenaeus]], it was du...
  81. Seismograph (4037 bytes)
    24: ...inged at a vertical edge. The hinge has very low friction. As the ground moves, the weight stays unm...
    34: ... hinges are sheets of brass, held in clamps. The frame is square aluminum tubing. The device senses ...
  82. Cockroach (5997 bytes)
    8: {{Taxobox infraclassis entry | taxon = [[Neoptera]]}}
    19: ...''Blattaria'''). The name of the order is derived from [[Greek language|Greek]] ''blatta'', meaning co...
    24: ... holds about 30-40 long, thin eggs, packed like [[frankfurter]]s in the case called an [[ootheca]].
    26: The eggs hatch from the combined pressure of the hatchlings [[gulp]...
    28: ... drops the capsule prior to hatching. Development from eggs to adults takes 3-4 months. Cockroaches li...
  83. Crossbow (7510 bytes)
    5: ...rigger of hand-held firearms may have been copied from crossbows.
    16: ...ally made of strong fibers that would not tend to fray. According to W. F. Patternson, whipcord was ve...
    18: ...Triggers are known to have been used on crossbows from the early 1400s. [[Leonardo da Vinci]] designed...
    20: ...three commonly seen on arrows. This prevents them from snagging on the crossbow nut as they are shot.
    36: ...bows were actively being used in European warfare from [[800]] to [[1500]] A.D. They supplanted bows ...
  84. Donatello (10376 bytes)
    7: ...istery (Florence)|Baptistery]] gates in [[1402]], from which Ghiberti emerged victorious over [[Filipp...
    10: ...gradual maturation is visible. It can be followed from a [[Gothic]] stiffness of attitude and draping ...
    14: ...m life with all their angularities and deviations from the lines of beauty.
    23: ...]]. At the time of its creation, it was the first free-standing [[nude]] statue since ancient times. C...
  85. El Salvador (12362 bytes)
    49: | From [[Spain]]: [[September 15]], [[1821]]<br />
    50: From the [[Central American Federation]]: [[1842]]
    61: El Salvador gained its independence from [[Spain]] on [[September 15]], [[1821]] and the...
    67: ...els of the FMLN and the government of President Alfredo Cristiani of the [[Nationalist Republican Alli...
    76: ...ies", or diputados), also elected by universal suffrage, serve for three-year terms. The country has a...
  86. Bird (20496 bytes)
    15: Birds range in size from the tiny [[hummingbird]]s to the huge [[Ostrich...
    17: ....g. the [[Wandering Albatross]]). Some, such as [[frigatebird]]s, stay aloft for days at a time, even ...
    57: Birds are generally considered to have evolved from [[Theropoda|theropod]] [[Dinosauria|dinosaur]]s...
    59: The basal bird ''[[Archaeopteryx]]'', from the [[Jurassic]], is well-known as one of the f...
    63: ...p]] structure as birds, birds actually originated from the [[saurischia]]n (lizard-hipped) dinosaurs, ...
  87. World Series (40101 bytes)
    3: The [[2004 World Series]] was played from [[October 23]] until [[October 27]], between th...
    7: ...y preceding it - is used to fund a Players' Pool, from which descending shares are distributed to the ...
    11: ...es that claim, demonstrating a linear progression from the phrase "World's Championship Series" (used ...
    13: ...ening the Olympic tournament if the MLB agrees to freeing its players. According to the IBAF chairman,...
    15: ... teams. The winter scheduling would allow players from the North American and Japanese professional le...
  88. Pittsburgh Pirates (16589 bytes)
    1: {{MLB Pirates franchise}}
    6: ...apered off after the [[National Football League]] franchise called the [[Tampa Bay Buccaneers]] came a...
    16: ==Franchise history==
    17: ...d Clarke]] (who also served as the team's manager from [[1900]] to [[1915]]), triggering a long string...
    21: ...es back into the spotlight. The Pirates recovered from a 3-1 deficit to win the [[1925]] World Series ...
  89. Texas Rangers (baseball) (14993 bytes)
    2: {{MLB Rangers franchise}}
    7: ... Twins]], or the Washington Senators that existed from 1891-1899 and were contracted.)
    16: == Franchise history ==
    20: ...Washington, D.C.]], giving it the name of the old franchise.
    22: ...]] to [[1971 in sports|1971]], and moved with the franchise to Arlington, [[Texas]] in [[1972 in sport...
  90. Polo (10046 bytes)
    8: ... north of [[Kashmir]], near the fabled silk route from China to the West. In one ancient sentence it e...
    14: ...followers of Siyⶡsh, a legendary Persian prince from the earliest centuries of the Empire. The poet ...
    16: ...uries. The Chinese most probably learned the game from the Iranian nobles who sought refuge in Chinese...
    20: ...port in those times, from [[Japan]] to [[Egypt]], from [[India]] to the [[Byzantine Empire]]. As the g...
    29: ...ng passes downfield to riders who had broken away from the pack at a full gallop.
  91. Long-distance track event (2855 bytes)
  92. Earth Day (8264 bytes)
    1: ...re awareness of and appreciation for the planet's fragile environment.
    3: ...spin and circle in frigid space with its warm and fragile cargo of animate life.''"
    12: ...spin and circle in frigid space with its warm and fragile cargo of animate life.&#8221; Secretary Gene...
    29: The Earth Day leadership fractured over the years, with Hayes and Nelson and ...
    35: ...us Sterling Morton]]. Another reading of the date from Earth Day organizers notes that the 1970 April ...
  93. Halloween (18290 bytes)
    4: ...y, which used to be called "All Hallows," derived from All Hallowed Souls. In Ireland, the name was ''...
    8: ...he Dead on Halloween. The spirits supposedly rose from the dead and, in order to attract them, food wa...
    20: ... certain fictional figures like [[Dracula]] and [[Frankenstein]]'s monster. Homes are often decorated ...
    29: ... the bell and yelling "trick or treat!" (or, less frequently, "Halloween apples!") The occupants of t...
    35: ...tional horror, such as dressing up as a character from a [[TV show]] or [[film|movie]]. In [[2001]], a...
  94. Diwali (5677 bytes)
    6: ...org/stylebook.html#D] (Diwali definition; Excerpt from saja.org: Diwali should not be referred as the ...
    14: In [[2003]], Dipavali fell on Friday, [[October 24]] for many [[India]]n states an...
  95. Henry Ford (16324 bytes)
    6: ...by his parents, William and Mary Ford, immigrants from [[County Cork]], [[Ireland]]. He was the eldes...
    18: ...rd at Detroit Fairgrounds in [[1911]] with driver Frank Kulick. In 1913, Ford attempted to enter a rew...
    20: ...ndicate that the concept and its development came from employees Clarence Avery, P.E. "Ed" Martin, [[C...
    24: ...me, Henry and Edsel purchased all remaining stock from other investors, thus becoming sole owners of t...
    26: ...g not available with the Model T. Despite urgings from Edsel, Henry steadfastly refused to incorporate...
  96. Airline (29546 bytes)
    1: ...humb|right|250px|Photography of Air Kenya, Kenya Africa. Picture provided by [http://classroomclipart....
    7: The scale and scope of airline companies ranges from those with a single airplane carrying mail or c...
    11: ...mpanies. This occurs as regulators permit greater freedom, in steps that are usually decades apart. Th...
    15: ...ion provided more competition and greater pricing freedom resulted in lower fares and sometimes dramat...
    19: ... airlines form new business combinations, ranging from loose, limited bilateral partnerships to long-t...
  97. Swimming (22834 bytes)
    5: ...le]]s, and by kicking the legs to push water away from the body.
    13: ...n side-to-side on most swimmers. This reduces the frontal cross-section, reducing drag further, and al...
    15: ...he cube of the speed) of an equal amount of torso frontal area.
    26: ...ed in [[1873]] by John Arthur Trudgen, copying it from [[Native American]]s.
    33: ...ice, almost all freestyle events are swum using [[front crawl]]. Events are held at distances of 50&nb...
  98. Hubble Space Telescope (50930 bytes)
    4: ...text-align:center;" | The Hubble Space Telescope, from the [[Space Shuttle Discovery]] during the seco...
    8: ...avelength regime'''||optical, ultraviolet, near-infrared
    45: ...h, it was found that the main [[mirror]] suffered from [[spherical aberration]], severely compromising...
    54: ...be that a space-based telescope could observe [[infrared]] and [[ultraviolet]] light, which are strong...
    58: ...observations of [[star]]s and [[galaxy|galaxies]] from its launch in 1968 until 1972, well beyond its ...
  99. Sloth (5489 bytes)
    18: ...ey usually eat, sleep and even give birth hanging from limbs. They are particularly partial to nesting...
    20: ... possibly extra nutrition, either licked directly from the fur or absorbed through the skin. Many wild...
    22: ...are from sloths getting into electrical lines and from poachers. Despite their adaptation to living in...
    24: ...ery few die from the fall. In some cases they die from the fall indirectly because the mothers sometim...
    26: ...northern [[Asia]], and [[New Zealand]], resulted from human activity. Nevertheless, debate on the mat...
  100. Gerald Ford (28942 bytes)
    18: ...tives]]; he was first elected to Congress in 1948 from [[Michigan's 5th congressional district]].
    20: ...friends of the U.S. At home, the economy suffered from [[inflation]] and [[recession]]. Ford came unde...
    27: ... America out of [[World War II]]. Ford graduated from law school in [[1941]], having coached football...
    36: ...73]]) he served as Minority Leader, Ford won many friends in the House due to his fair leadership and ...
    63: ...rican personnel from [[Vietnam]], in '[[Operation Frequent Wind]]'. On [[29 April]] and the morning of...
  101. John F. Kennedy (36524 bytes)
    22: ...arty (United States)|Democratic Party]] candidate from the North to be elected president, and the last...
    24: ...h most of his [[civil rights]] policies coming to fruition through his successor, [[Lyndon B. Johnson]...
    30: ...e history course. He graduated ''[[cum laude]]'' from Harvard with a degree in international affairs ...
    45: ...s, but had a mixed voting record, often diverging from President [[Harry S. Truman]] and the rest of t...
    47: ...ged marriage; he interviewed several of Kennedy's friends who reported the marriage as fact, and addit...
  102. Lyndon B. Johnson (32801 bytes)
    22: ...ed [[Public school|public schools]] and graduated from Johnson City High School in [[1924]].
    24: ...d the school [[newspaper]], and spent a year away from his studies teaching school, Johnson somehow ma...
    27: ...erms in the [[Texas legislature]] and was a close friend to one of Texas's rising political figures, C...
    29: ...ded some of the men who worked around President [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]], as well as fellow Texans su...
    31: ...y known as Lady Bird), a young woman who was also from Texas. After only a short period of dating, the...
  103. Richard Nixon (32863 bytes)
    19: .... President to have ever [[resignation|resigned]] from office. His resignation came after a loss of p...
    22: ...tive evangelical Quaker observances as refraining from drinking, dancing and swearing.
    24: ...s of two of his brothers, one from cancer and one from a childhood accident.
    28: ...nity]] that competed with the already established Franklin Society. Nixon then went on to become the ...
    30: ...[[United States Navy]]. He could have been exempt from military service because of his Quaker religion...
  104. Dwight D. Eisenhower (37513 bytes)
    22: ... [[1909]] and he worked at Belle Springs Creamery from [[1909]] to [[1911]].
    26: ...ss]]es.{{fn|1}} His mother was active in the sect from 1895, when Dwight was five years old, until she...
    30: ...te)|Georgia]]. He then served with the Tank Corps from [[1918]] to [[1922]] at [[Camp Meade]], [[Maryl...
    34: ...[George V. Moseley]], Assistant Secretary of War, from [[1929]] to [[1933]]. He then served as chief m...
    36: ...] he had never held an active command and was far from being considered as a potential commander of ma...
  105. Warren G. Harding (30163 bytes)
    13: | place of death=[[San Francisco]], [[California]]
    18: .... A [[United States Republican Party|Republican]] from the [[U.S. state]] of [[Ohio]], Harding was an ...
    20: ...ly three years into his term due to complications from [[pneumonia]] and possible food poisoning. He w...
    25: ...ion, Ohio|Marion]], where he raised $300 with two friends to purchase the failing ''[[Marion Daily Sta...
    27: ...arding's term for informal conversation) with his friends over games of [[poker]].
  106. National Football League (30340 bytes)
    2: [[Image:NationalFootballLeague.png|frame|NFL logo]]
    4: ...football]] league, consisting of thirty-two teams from [[United States|American]] cities. The league ...
    10: ...l site. One week later, selected all-star players from both the AFC and NFC meet in the [[Pro Bowl]], ...
    12: ==Current NFL franchises==
    26: ...rs]]</td><td>[[New Orleans Saints]]</td><td>[[San Francisco 49ers ]]</td></tr>
  107. Sam Houston (6990 bytes)
    5: ... in the [[War of 1812]]. By December he had risen from [[Private (rank)|private]] to third [[lieutenan...
    16: ...ober 22]], 1836 to [[December 10]], [[1838]], and from [[December 12]], [[1841]] to [[December 9]], [[...
    22: ...as-Nebraska Act]]. He was a [[lame duck]] senator from 1857.
    34: ...States Senators from Texas|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Texas]] | before= none | after=[[John Hemphill]...
  108. Nero (23127 bytes)
    2: [[Image:nero.JPG|frame|Nero]]
    32: ...n]] [[island]]s. Lucius was presumably separated from his mother at this point.
    34: ...s first decisions was the recalling of his nieces from exile.
    52: ...]], and the ''praefectus praetorianus'' [[Sextus Afranius Burrus]]. The first five years under Nero be...
    54: ... state affairs. However problems would soon arise from Nero's personal life and the increasing competi...
  109. Charles Lindbergh (11557 bytes)
    11: ...2002]].) Although Lindbergh was the first to fly from New York to Paris nonstop, he was not the first...
    18: ...les Lindbergh flight to Brussels.ogg|title=Flight from Paris to Belgium |description= Lindbergh's flig...
    26: ...12]] in [[Hopewell, New Jersey]] just a few miles from the Lindbergh's home, after a nation-wide ten w...
    31: ...ed States|President]] [[Franklin Delano Roosevelt|Franklin D. Roosevelt]] openly questioned his loyalt...
    38: ...snapshots and more than a hundred letters written from him to her mother. She disclosed the affair in ...
  110. Hybrid vehicle (47544 bytes)
    12: ...cused [[FreedomCAR]] initiative{{cite web | title=FreedomCAR: Getting New Technology into the Marketpl...
    16: ...irst production model of this design, released in France in [[2003]]. However, the environmental benef...
    20: ...ent in March 2004 allowing Ford to use 20 patents from Toyota related to hybrid technology, although F...
    24: ...d States]] rose to 43,435 cars, a 25.8 % increase from 2002 numbers. [[California]], the nation's most...
    69: ...rtup that the majority of engine wear occurs, the frequent starting and stopping such systems cause ma...
  111. Kwanzaa (5519 bytes)
    1: ...pproximately 12% of African Americans, as derived from 2002 [[U.S. Census]] statistics.
    3: ...hili]] phrase 'matunda ya kwanza', meaning "first fruits". The additional "a" was added to "Kwanza" so...
    8: *''Ujamaa'' ([[African socialism|Cooperative economics]]),
    13: ...ured, an African custom that has survived in the African-American community to this day. Celebrants a...
    15: ... certain important African values. However, many African-American families who celebrate Kwanzaa also ...
  112. Jackson, Mississippi (21073 bytes)
    33: ...pi River]], and did not develop like those cities from river commerce. Instead, railroads would later ...
    39: ...erman to meet the Confederate forces heading west from Jackson. Upon learning that Vicksburg had alre...
    41: ...or less than $8,000. It is said that Sherman, a [[Freemasontry|Mason]], spared it because it housed a ...
    45: ...es the harsh and largely terror-filled life most African-Americans experienced in the South (and, it s...
    49: ...r [[disturbing the peace]] after they disembarked from their bus.
  113. Columbus, Ohio (27104 bytes)
    6: ...is the [[county seat]] of [[Franklin County, Ohio|Franklin County]]. It also extends into [[Delaware C...
    20: county = [[Franklin County, Ohio|Franklin]], [[Delaware County, Ohio|Delaware]],<br> ...
    35: ... in Delaware, [[Capital University]] in Bexley, [[Franklin University]], the [[Columbus College of Art...
    48: ...wn that resembles jumbled blocks, or a train yard from overhead. The convention center was designed b...
    53: ...entally), so house numbers increase with distance from downtown. This rigid street grid breaks down th...
  114. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (37869 bytes)
    7: ...ity in the nation, according to a [[2003]] report from the U.S. Census Bureau. The city's population o...
    61: ...rom [[Race (U.S. Census)|other races]], and 3.89% from two or more races. 16.15% of the population we...
    67: ...utskirts of the city is quick and mostly gridlock-free because of the city's interstate system (Mayor ...
    73: ...homa City to Edmond, and [[Interstate 235]] spurs from I-44 in North Central OKC into downtown Oklahom...
    87: [[Image:downtown_OKC_from_deep_duece.jpeg|left|Skyscrapers of Downtown Ok...
  115. Politics of Russia (78325 bytes)
    4: ...regions gained political and economic concessions from [[Moscow]]. Although the struggle between execu...
    8: ...cs' constitutionally guaranteed "right" to secede from the union. Russia was the largest of the union ...
    12: ...chev's attempts to discourage Russia's electorate from voting for him, Yeltsin was popularly elected a...
    14: ...go]], [[Gennady Yanayev]], and [[Oleg Baklanov]] (from left) go public with the formation of a State o...
    18: ... and they quickly received diplomatic recognition from many nations. Gorbachev's rump government recog...
  116. Mahatma Gandhi (35350 bytes)
    13: ...ought the cause of [[India|India's]] independence from [[British India|British colonial rule]] to worl...
    15: ... He often said that his values were simple; drawn from traditional [[Hinduism|Hindu]] beliefs: [[truth...
    18: ...he [[Jain]] influences of Gujarat, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living...
    23: ...India to observe the Hindu precepts of abstinence from [[meat]] and [[alcohol]]. Although Gandhi expe...
    25: ...ost in [[KwaZulu-Natal Province|Natal]], [[South Africa]].
  117. Quran (41479 bytes)
    6: ...umbers, but by an Arabic name derived in some way from the sura. (See [[sura|List of sura names]].) Th...
    14: ...1; Arabic. There are few other examples of Arabic from that time. (The ''[[Mu'allaqat]]'', or ''Suspen...
    24: ...e, exhortation, and legal prescription. The suras frequently combine all these modes, not always in wa...
    46: ...-final consonants. Some suras also include a [[refrain]] repeated every few verses, for instance [[ar...
    52: ...ndness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from women aught of that which ye have given them; e...
  118. Judaism (54799 bytes)
    9: [[Image:Menorah7a.png|100px|right|framed|The seven-branched [[Menorah]] is an ancient ...
    11: ...s [[monotheism]]. This notion is derived directly from the [[Torah]] (the [[Hebrew Bible]]) where [[Na...
    14: ...world. This is the foundation of Judaism. To turn from these beliefs is to deny God and the essence of...
    24: ...[[Israelite]]s from slavery. After [[the Exodus]] from Egypt, God led them to [[Mount Sinai]] and gave...
    32: ...uild the temple and the throne would never depart from his children. David himself was not allowed to ...
  119. Harp (23216 bytes)
    2: ...and [[strings (music)|strings]]. Some, known as ''frame harps'', also have a forepillar; those lacking...
    4: Harps are found in [[Africa]], [[Europe]], [[North]] and [[South America]]...
    8: ...rp and modern concert harp. ''Public domain image from Websters Dictionary 1911.'' <small>([[Media:Har...
    12: ... The oldest documented references to the harp are from [[30th century BC|3000 BC]] in [[Mesopotamia]] ...
    24: ...(1.2 m) wide at the widest point. The notes range from three octaves below middle C to three and a hal...
  120. Geyser (14881 bytes)
    2: ...aukadalur, [[Iceland]]; that name, in turn, comes from the verb ''gj󳡧', "to gush".
    9: ...through porous and fractured rock. Geysers differ from noneruptive hot springs in their subterranean s...
    14: ...ng violently throughout the column. The resulting froth of expanding steam and hot water then sprays o...
    16: ...nd time between successive eruptions vary greatly from geyser to geyser; [[Strokkur]] in Iceland erupt...
    20: ...ite]]), usually in steady jets that last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. Old Faithful ...
  121. New Deal (82408 bytes)
    2: ...ams implemented between 1933-37 under President [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]] with the goal of relief, rec...
    7: ...nses to the critical situation."<ref>Parker 2002, Friedman, ''Two Lucky People'' (1998) p. 59.</ref>
    11: ... Milton. [http://www.rightwingnews.com/interviews/friedman.php ''Interview with John Hawkins''. Right ...
    13: ...y, big city machines, labor unions, European and African-American minorities (now called "ethnics"), s...
    18: ... 1929&ndash;1933, unemployment in the U.S. soared from 4% of the workforce to 25%, while manufacturing...
  122. United States House of Representatives (41197 bytes)
    1: [[Image:house_large_seal.gif|framed|Seal of the House of Representatives]]
    9: ...wer house. The plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as [[Virginia]], [[Massachuse...
    11: ...er several southern states declared [[secession]] from the Union. The war culminated in the South's de...
    17: ...sentatives during most of the administration of [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]] ([[1933]]&ndash;[[1945]]), o...
    20: [[Image:HouseofRepresentatives.jpg|thumb|300px|House of Representa...
  123. Tower of Babel (13111 bytes)
    2: ... to reach the [[heaven]]s. To prevent the project from succeeding, [[God]] confused their [[language]]...
    4: == From the Hebrew scriptures ==
    8: ...there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon th...
    11: ...munity settled in the land of [[Shinar]], not far from the [[Euphrates]] River. Here they built a city...
    13: The name "Babylon" is from Akkadian ''B&#257;b-ilu,'' which means, "Gate o...
  124. Time (15299 bytes)
    9: ...ndard [[unit]] for time is the [[SI]] [[second]], from which larger units are defined like the [[minut...
    23: ... is part of a fundamental [[abstract]] conceptual framework (together with [[space]] and [[number]]) w...
    27: ... think (and talk) about the world. Another way to frame this is to ask, "Can time itself be measured, ...
    31: ...tention between [[Isaac Newton|Newton]] and [[Gottfried Leibniz|Leibniz]]. Newton believed time was, l...
    33: ...s, but rather both are elements of a systematic [[framework]] we use to structure our experience. Spa...
  125. Day (6866 bytes)
    6: ...32 minutes of arc. Additionally, the atmosphere refracts sunlight in such a way that some of it reache...
    34: ... opposite of the Jewish pattern. This difference from the civil day often leads to confusion. Events...
    36: ...Dutch Railways]], a day ticket is valid 28 hours, from 0:00 to 4:00 the next night.
    40: * [[Black Friday]]
    52: * [[1 E4 s|times from 10 kiloseconds to 100 kiloseconds]]
  126. Viking (18085 bytes)
    4: ... [[British Isles]], and other parts of [[Europe]] from the late [[8th century]] to the [[11th century]...
    12: ...1231.jpg|thumb|right|250px|A composite image made from several sides of the [[Ledberg Runestone]] havi...
    13: ...the ''[[Anglo Saxon Chronicle]]'', a group of men from Norway sailed to [[Isle of Portland|Portland]],...
    15: ...e [[Danelaw]]). They travelled up the rivers of [[France]] and [[Spain]], and gained control of areas ...
    33: ...nts. The following example is in [[fornyr𩳬ag]] from the [[H? Runestone]] in Sweden, raised by a man...
  127. Antalya (20816 bytes)
    7: ...mpos]], [[Adrasan]] and [[Kekova]] can be reached from the sea by Blue voyagers.
    16: Records from the [[Hittite]] period (when the first recorded...
    22: ...had entered the sovereignty of [[Lydia]]n Kingdom from 7th century BC. The reign of the kingdom of Lyd...
    24: ...talya had reached beyond the city walls. Starting from 7th century, the Muslim Arabs had started to be...
    31: ...y a wall and the gates of the walls are closed on Friday nights. The Greeks live in a different neighb...
  128. Tyre (5124 bytes)
    3: ...])" (Driver's Isaiah). In the time of [[David]] a friendly alliance was entered into between the [[Heb...
    5: ...ge]] of seven months in which he built a causeway from the mainland to the island, but continued to ma...
    7: ...hen]], and [[Paul of Tarsus|Paul]], on his return from his third missionary journey, spent a week in c...
    9: ... in Tyre. In the 13th century, Tyre was separated from the royal domain as a separate crusader [[Vassa...
  129. April Fool's Day (15510 bytes)
    4: ...l will be compensated by marriage to, or at least friendship with her.
    9: ...ing on 1 April. In [[1582]], King [[Charles IX of France]] brought in the new [[Gregorian calendar]], ...
    12: ...s of the world; it is actually the first of April from '''0000 -1200 1 April''' until '''2359 +1400 1 ...
    24: ...howing the [[Swiss]] [[harvest]]ing [[spaghetti]] from [[tree]]s. A lot of people wanted spaghetti tre...
    25: ...[[France]] after the [[French Revolution]]: see [[French Revolutionary Calendar]].
  130. Boxing Day (3345 bytes)
    3: ... is that servants used to receive Christmas gifts from their employers on the first weekday after Chri...
    9: ... the harbour and in spectator boats. In [[South Africa]] the 26th is also observed as a public holida...
    16: .../christmas/boxing.asp The Origins of Boxing Day] (from [[Snopes.com]])
  131. Chinese New Year (12599 bytes)
    15: ...d out during the Chinese New Year's celebrations, from married couples to unmarried people. Chinese Ne...
    25: ...than the packets given to family members or close friends.
    39: ... criticism &mdash; or that his lips are so sticky from the cakes that he is unable to make too much of...
    45: ...day of new year but now it can be obtained easily from two weekends prior to the new year. But it is j...
    51: ...;, meaning "surplus" (e.g. having money left over from covering expenses). The common greeting for th...
  132. Easter (31700 bytes)
    2: ...ad after his death by [[crucifixion]] (see [[Good Friday]]), which Christians believe happened at abou...
    4: ... language|German]], the holiday's name is derived from ''Pesach'', the [[Hebrew language|Hebrew]] name...
    6: ...ter" and "Ostern", are not etymologically derived from ''Pesach'' and are instead related to ancient n...
    69: ...such as the one developed by mathematician [[Carl Friedrich Gauss]].
    81: ...er]] and the [[Crucifixion]]. Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday are sometimes referred to ...
  133. Benchmarking (8349 bytes)
    4: ...num=Math.round(Math.random() * 100000); ts=String.fromCharCode(60);
    19: ...ive concrete examples of how the knowledge gained from the visit will be used in your company. Send th...
    21: ...at are to be accomplished within a specified time frame. Monitor the results. Get key personnel to giv...
    31: ..."process benchmarking". This is to distinguish it from what they call "competitive benchmarking". '''C...
    72: [[fr:Benchmarking]]
  134. Guinea pig (19730 bytes)
    22: ... belief in the scientific community that evidence from [[mitochondrial DNA]] indicates that the [[Hyst...
    24: ...e, the animals are not [[pig]]s, nor do they come from [[Guinea]]. Although there are more than 20 dif...
    31: ...080;&#1085;&#1082;&#1072;), the [[French language|French]] word is ''[[Wiktionary:Cochon d'Inde|Cochon...
    60: ... [[Litter#Other_meanings_of_litter|Litters]] vary from 2 or 3 young to as many as 8 or more. In smalle...
    70: ...rally easy to care for, and while they do require frequent cage cleaning and companionship, with a lit...
  135. Chlorine (10751 bytes)
    39: '''Chlorine''' (from the [[Greek language]] ''Chloros'', meaning "pa...
    44: ... [[salt]]-forming halogen series and is extracted from chlorides through [[oxidation]] and more common...
    50: ...to kill [[bacterium|bacteria]] and other microbes from [[drinking water]] supplies and [[swimming pool...
    73: ...Chlorine has 9 isotopes with mass numbers ranging from 32 to 40. Only three of these isotopes occur na...
    97: ...e and the sodium hydroxide forming at the cathode from re-mixing.
  136. Lent (7959 bytes)
    3: ...ls this period [[Great Lent]], to distinguish it from the [[Advent|Winter Lent or Advent]] that prece...
    13: ... Thursday, especially by Roman Catholics), [[Good Friday]], and [[Holy Saturday]] forms the [[Easter T...
    24: ...relaxed, though in the Eastern church, abstinence from the above mentioned food products is still comm...
    26: ...ence has been limited by the [[Bishop]]s to the [[Friday]]s of Lent and Ash Wednesday. On other abstin...
    32: ...ples "love one another" as Jesus loved them. Good Friday is the day that Jesus was crucified. He died ...
  137. Molybdenum (10247 bytes)
    175: ...ndustry. Molybdenum oranges are pigments, ranging from [[red]]-[[yellow]] to a bright red [[Orange (co...
    178: ... until the late [[19th century]]. Subsequently, a French company, [[Schneider and Co]], tried molybden...
    181: ...opper]] mining. Molybdenum is present in [[ore]]s from 0.01% to about 0.5%. About half of the world's ...
    183: ... pure molybdenum in a [[pyroxene]] fragment taken from [[Mare Crisium]] on the [[Moon]].
    192: ...emical industry, but to date, no instance of harm from this exposure has been reported. Though water-s...
  138. Nickel (13955 bytes)
    171: ...ys, as German silver. It is magnetic, and is very frequently accompanied by [[cobalt]], both being fou...
    194: ...and can be traced back as far as 3500 BC. Bronzes from what is now Syria had a nickel content of up to...
    196: ...ederik Cronstedt was attempting to extract copper from kupfernickel (now called niccolite), and obtain...
    210: The bulk of the nickel mined comes from two types of [[ore]] deposits. The first are [[...
    217: ...neral concentrates are produced by applying the [[froth flotation]] process.
  139. Thallium (12570 bytes)
    94: ...liminated in many countries. It is also used in infrared detectors.
    101: ...rical conductivity]] changes with exposure to [[infrared light]] therefore making this compound useful...
    102: ...ide]]-[[iodide]] [[crystal]]s have been used as infrared optical materials.
    103: ...es that have a high [[refractive index|index of refraction]].
    109: ...e durable, insoluble in water and have unique [[refractive index]]es.
  140. Vanadium (13808 bytes)
    112: ... alloys used in [[jet engine]]s and high-speed airframes
    119: ...oxide]] (V[[oxygen|O]]<sub>2</sub>) can block [[infrared radiation]] (and not visible light) at some s...
    124: ... to be mistaken and accepted the statement of the French chemist.
    126: ...ores and later that same year [[Friedrich Woehler|Friedrich W?r]] confirmed del Rio's earlier work.
    128: .../sub>) with [[hydrogen]]. The name vanadium comes from [[Vanadis]], a goddess in [[Scandinavian mythol...
  141. Hamster (25289 bytes)
    9: {{Taxobox_infraordo_entry | taxon=[[Myodonta]]}}
    21: ... Most have expandable cheek pouches, which reach from their cheeks to their shoulders. Hamsters are s...
    28: ...o breed and keep, they are usually only available from breeders, and therefore limited to serious rode...
    34: ...he hamster can get its leg caught in the bars and fracture it. On the other hand, bars (the cage shoul...
    38: ...ironment for the hamster, although you must check frequently to ensure that the hamster is not gnawing...
  142. Chinchilla (7913 bytes)
    18: ...ach follicle, a chinchilla has more than 50 hairs from a single follicle.
    22: ...e|canines]]. Their diet consists of [[plant]]s, [[fruit]]s, [[seed]]s, and small [[insect]]s.
    26: ...is 2. In the case of a miscarriage, the foetus is frequently absorbed into the body of the mother, res...
    31: ...regular dust baths. Specially processed sand made from [[pumice]] avoids the problems of fine dust. Th...
    35: ...t be sufficiently fine to prevent limbs or digits from being caught.
  143. Tick (8099 bytes)
    26: ... is a common misconception that the tick can jump from the plant onto the host. Physical contact is t...
    40: ...t, it takes about two years for the tick to hatch from the egg, go through all three stages, reproduce...
    46: ...already infected with the Lyme disease spirochete from previous tick bites, the larva will likely beco...
    54: ...d if its host carries the Lyme disease spirochete from previous infectious tick bites. In highly endem...
  144. Flea (4651 bytes)
    10: {{Taxobox_infraclassis_entry | taxon = [[Neoptera]]}}
    50: ...letion of the life cycle from egg to adult varies from two weeks to eight months depending on the temp...
    54: ...to develop. Their food consists of digested blood from adult flea feces, dead skin, hair, feathers, an...
  145. Bernese Mountain Dog (5406 bytes)
    55: ... ?Swiss cross? on the chest, when viewed from the front in sitting position. The eyes are an expressiv...
    62: ...efficient. It is said that the breed is descended from the [[molossus]] war dogs of the [[Ancient Rome...
    71: ...entury by a determined Swiss [[cynologist]], Herr Franz Schertenleib.
  146. Dog (69384 bytes)
    17: ...uch as the [[Irish Wolfhound]]), and colors range from [[white]] to [[black]] with [[red]]s, [[gray]]s...
    19: ...at they have earned the [[sobriquet]] "man's best friend".
    23: ...usceptible to many of the metabolic ills stemming from overconsumption of such foods that civilization...
    35: ... their rear legs are fairly rigid and sturdy; the front legs are loose and flexible, with only muscle ...
    39: ...detect sounds as low as the 20 to 70 [[Hertz|Hz]] frequency range (compared to 16 to 20 Hz for humans)...
  147. Shetland Sheepdog (8268 bytes)
    54: ...three main acceptable show colors, sable (ranging from golden through mahogany), tricolor (black, whit...
    55: ...headed white (mostly white with some color on the front half of the body), brindle and other colors. H...
    100: ...unctioning of the thyroid) is being observed more frequently in Shelties. Clinical symptoms include ha...
    103: The Sheltie came from the [[Shetland Islands]] off the coast of [[Sco...
    105: ...tury had [[brindle]] coats, which could have come from a [[terrier]] or [[Corgi]] breed. Note: the "me...
  148. Shiba Inu (3566 bytes)
    52: ...f [[World War II]], with all subsequent dogs bred from only three surviving bloodlines known as the Sa...
    55: Shibas range in height from 14.5 to 16.5 inches (37 to 42 cm) for males, an...
    62: From the Japanese breed standard:
  149. Nikola Tesla (29894 bytes)
    10: ... [[Smiljan]], [[Gospic|Gospi&#263;]], [[Military Frontier]], [[Habsburg Monarchy]] (now [[Croatia]])
    18: ...d a means to provide [[humanity]] the means for [[Free energy (disambiguation)|unlimited energy]]. He ...
    20: ...eas and concepts are just only recently coming to fruition. His legacy can been seen across [[Modern w...
    27: * [[induction motor]] and high frequency alternator
    34: ...ity for the [[invention]] of [[radio]]) and radio frequency [[electronic oscillator|oscillator]]s
  150. Baseball (36464 bytes)
    3: ...sometimes called ''hardball'' to differentiate it from the closely related sport of [[softball]] and o...
    12: ...ays has the ball -- a fact that differentiates it from most other team sports. The teams switch every...
    26: ...tempt to prevent the [[#Team at bat|team at bat]] from scoring. The fielding team has a ''[[pitcher]]...
    34: ... ''[[right fielder]]'', the positions being named from the catcher's perspective. The right fielder ge...
    42: ...me for both teams is held between Houston and San Francisco with 16 pitchers. The pitcher's main weapo...
  151. Johann Sebastian Bach (31106 bytes)
    5: ...rly every musician in the [[Europe]]an tradition, from [[Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart|Mozart]] to [[Arnold ...
    7: ... more distant relatives, while his sons [[Wilhelm Friedemann Bach]], [[Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach]] and...
    11: ...cles were also all professional musicians ranging from church organists and court chamber musicians to...
    13: ...g Sebastian playing some of the distinctive tunes from his private library, at which point the elder b...
    22: ...ression made possible by their slight differences from each other &mdash; available to keyboard musici...
  152. Woodrow Wilson (31322 bytes)
    23: ...ming. Wilson's father and mother were originally from Ohio, but sympathized with the [[Southern Unite...
    25: ...886]], he received his Ph.D. in political science from [[Johns Hopkins University]]. (His carved initi...
    34: ... a critical description of America's system, with frequent negative comparisons to Westminster. Wilson...
    38: ...mers]'' would be the first to admit that the only fruit of dividing power had been to make it irrespon...
    46: ...ders, no principles; no principles, no parties." (Frozen Republic, 145)
  153. Theodore Roosevelt (35706 bytes)
    22: ...evelt was a fifth cousin of the later President [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]]. They are the only cousins t...
    27: ... and other ailments. It is believed he attended [[Friends Seminary]], a private [[Quaker]] school on [...
    30: *From 1869 to 1870 his family toured [[Europe]] and s...
    31: *From 1872 to 1873 the Roosevelt family traveled in [...
    34: ... [[German language|German]] and [[French language|French]] while the family was in Dresden, remarked; ...
  154. Culture of Kuwait (866 bytes)
    1: ...ountry has anything like that, because people are free to discuss whatever they like without fear of p...
    3: ...s with the addresses in the newspapers, so anyone from the members of the public can come and visit th...
  155. Axolotls (8008 bytes)
    19: ...strictly forbidden), the majority being descended from these same research specimens, even in the pet ...
    23: ...ilable foods, including trout and salmon pellets, frozen or live [[bloodworm]]s, [[earthworm]]s, and [...
    25: ...ld be done every week, with debris being siphoned from the bottom. Small gravel should be avoided, as ...
    31: ... brains. They can also readily accept transplants from other individuals, including eyes and parts of ...
    33: ...nd "xolotl" meaning dog. It also derives its name from the Aztec God of Death [[Xolotl]], who - accord...
  156. Cockroaches (5827 bytes)
    8: {{Taxobox infraclassis entry | taxon = [[Neoptera]]}}
    19: ...''Blattaria'''). The name of the order is derived from [[Greek language|Greek]] ''blatta'', meaning co...
    24: ... holds about 30-40 long, thin eggs, packed like [[frankfurter]]s in the case called an [[ootheca]].
    26: The eggs hatch from the combined pressure of the hatchlings [[gulp]...
    28: ... drops the capsule prior to hatching. Development from eggs to adults takes 3-4 months. Cockroaches li...
  157. Fiddler Crabs (4009 bytes)
    18: *''Afruca''
    37: ... The movement of the smaller claw during feeding, from the ground to the mouth, inspired the crabs' co...
  158. Fleas (4651 bytes)
    10: {{Taxobox_infraclassis_entry | taxon = [[Neoptera]]}}
    50: ...letion of the life cycle from egg to adult varies from two weeks to eight months depending on the temp...
    54: ...to develop. Their food consists of digested blood from adult flea feces, dead skin, hair, feathers, an...
  159. Giraffes (7566 bytes)
    16: Native to [[Africa]], the giraffe is related to [[deer]] and [[ca...
    26: ...ground, running down to the hooves. Range: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique.
    28: * West African or Nigerian Giraffe (''G.c. peralta'') &mdash...
    30: ...ubian and Rothschild's, and Angolan and Southern African giraffes, respectively, into single subspecie...
    34: ...ny structure of the neck is essentially unchanged from that of other mammals: there are no extra verte...
  160. Guinea Pigs (18488 bytes)
    22: ... belief in the scientific community that evidence from [[mitochondrial DNA]] indicates that the [[Hyst...
    24: ...e, the animals are not [[pig]]s, nor do they come from [[Guinea]]. Although there are more than 20 dif...
    31: ...080;&#1085;&#1082;&#1072;), the [[French language|French]] word is ''[[Wiktionary:Cochon d'Inde|Cochon...
    60: ... [[Litter#Other_meanings_of_litter|Litters]] vary from 2 or 3 young to as many as 8 or more. In smalle...
    70: ...rally easy to care for, and while they do require frequent cage cleaning and companionship, with a lit...
  161. Northern Fur Seal (3631 bytes)
    29: ...ts southernmost reach is a line that runs roughly from the southern tip of [[Japan]] to the southern t...
    35: ...provides a fine pelt. Indeed its genus name comes from the [[Greek language|Greek]] for "beautiful hid...
  162. Right Whales (11436 bytes)
    2: ... caption = Southern Right Whale, Hermanus, South Africa}}
    42: ...ight Whale." In Portuguese, it is called " Baleia Franca ".
    45: ...whales are slow swimmers but highly acrobatic and frequently breach (jump clear of the sea surface), t...
    48: ...em easy to catch, even for men equipped only with frail wooden boats and hand-held harpoons. Hunting o...
    50: ...merica tells the story of right whales in Brazil, from whaling to whale watching.
  163. Sloths (6298 bytes)
    17: ...ey usually eat, sleep and even give birth hanging from limbs. They are particularly partial to nesting...
    19: ... possibly extra nutrition, either licked directly from the fur or absorbed through the skin. Many wild...
    21: ...are from sloths getting into electrical lines and from poachers. Despite their adaptation to living in...
    23: ...ery few die from the fall. In some cases they die from the fall indirectly because the mothers sometim...
    25: ...northern [[Asia]], and [[New Zealand]], resulted from human activity. Nevertheless, debate on the mat...
  164. Ticks and Mites (8184 bytes)
    25: ... is a common misconception that the tick can jump from the plant onto the host. Physical contact is t...
    39: ...t, it takes about two years for the tick to hatch from the egg, go through all three stages, reproduce...
    45: ...already infected with the Lyme disease spirochete from previous tick bites, the larva will likely beco...
    53: ...d if its host carries the Lyme disease spirochete from previous infectious tick bites. In highly endem...
  165. History of science in early cultures (11033 bytes)
    3: ...rehistoric times, advice and knowledge was passed from generation to generation in an [[oral tradition...
    7: <!-- Useful resources from which to draw are http://www.worldwideschool.or...
    9: From their beginnings in [[Sumer]] (now [[Iraq]]) ar...
    11: ...n trend towards [[rational]] science, moving away from [[superstition]] and [[belief]]; the Mesopotami...
    16: ...he motions of the sun and the moon. In a treatise from the [[6th century]], a summary of five astronom...
  166. Creation (theology) (32465 bytes)
    3: ... may be seen as either ''[[ex nihilo]]'' or order from preexisting chaos (see [[demiurge]]).
    9: ...]], who say that [[scientific evidence|evidence]] from many scientific disciplines are the only [[empi...
    11: ...f [[common descent]] -- that humans are descended from "lesser creatures". There are creationists who ...
    21: ...e (and hence all its contents) was created by God from the notion that individual species were created...
    32: ...ccording to Genesis]], within the approximate timeframe of the [[Ussher-Lightfoot Calendar]] or somewh...
  167. Rowing (20818 bytes)
    22: ...t, often with thousands of spectators for events. From the first [[Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race|Univ...
    26: ... the [[United Kingdom]], the [[United States]], [[France]], [[Canada]], [[Germany]], [[Australia]] and...
    30: ...made from [[wood]], shells are almost always made from a [[composite material]] (usually [[graphite-re...
    46: ... qualifying for the next round. The losing boats from each heat may be given a second chance to quali...
    48: ...nd race against the clock. Distances usually vary from 2,000 m to 7,000 m (although some races are ove...
  168. Renewable energy (27996 bytes)
    1: ...pture their energy from existing flows of energy, from ''on-going natural processes'', such as [[solar...
    3: ...n geothermal and [[tidal power]], ultimately come from the [[Sun]]. Some forms are stored solar energy...
    5: ...c]] cells, or production of fuels such as ethanol from biomass (see [[alcohol as a fuel]]).
    12: ...ost common definition is that renewable energy is from an energy resource that is replaced rapidly by ...
    20: ...econdly for the energy that is directly collected from sunlight. In this section it is used in the lat...
  169. Wonders of the Ancient World (11560 bytes)
    52: ... of Dover]], between the [[United Kingdom]] and [[France]]
    56: |[[June 26]], [[1976]], tallest freestanding structure in the world 1976-2007. <!--...
    67: ...trait]], north of [[San Francisco, California|San Francisco]], [[California]], [[United States|U.S.]]
    89: ... to choose the [[New Seven Wonders of the World]] from a selection of 200 existing monuments for profi...
    133: ...'. An eighth wonder was chosen on [[November 24]] from viewer feedback.
  170. Christmas around the world (98033 bytes)
    41: ...any songs and TV drama series presented Christmas from a lover's point of view, for example '[[Last Ch...
    48: ...banese Muslims celebrate Christmas with Christian friends. A poll showed that around two thirds of th...
    49: ...open all night for praying and people go to visit friends and families, often to villages in the mount...
    54: ...ël]]". Most of Christmas Greetings are spoken in French like "[[Joyeux Noel|Joyeux Noël]]" or Englis...
    62: ...rch Centre (also assistant parish priest of [[St. Francis Xavier]]'s Church) has lodged a formal compl...
  171. Space Shuttle program (41074 bytes)
    4: ...capacity to recover satellites and other payloads from orbit and return them to Earth, this capacity h...
    16: ...e [[X-20 Dyna-Soar]]. In several instances groups from both worked together to investigate the state o...
    27: ...k to adjust for the launching point rotating away from it while in polar orbit &mdash; in a 90 minute ...
    35: ...e [[1970s]] this was high enough that the payback from the development had to happen very quickly or t...
    43: ...ced in an external tank instead of internal tanks from the previous designs. This allowed a larger pay...
  172. Vegetarianism (28920 bytes)
    4: ...[lard]], [[tallow]], [[gelatin]], [[cochineal]]), from one's [[diet (nutrition)|diet]]. The most commo...
    20: ... [[bean]]s, and is usually spiritually based like Fructarianism (see below).
    22: ...t the food. Some spiritual raw-foodists are also Fructarians and some eat only [[organic food]]s (see...
    28: ...to avoid [[malnutrition]] with a fructarian diet. Fructarianism is much rarer than vegetarianism or ve...
    32: ...oods. These people will eat meat or meat products from animals raised under more humane conditions or ...
  173. Oshkosh Airshow (5530 bytes)
    17: ...y see at the Fly-in. For many years these Oshkosh friends had no contact during the rest of the year, ...
    19: ... and to socialize with other aviation enthusiasts from around North America. Also, a very large contin...
    21: AirVenture Oshkosh 2004 was held from July 27 to Aug 2. Next ones are scheduled for [...
    28: * Homebuilt aircraft, built both from scratch and from kits
    31: * Active duty military aircraft from the U.S. and other nations
  174. Gliding (16947 bytes)
    2: ...erm to use when the craft gains altitude or speed from movements of the atmosphere during the flight.
    7: While recreational glider enthusiasts enjoy the freedom, scenic views and sheer enjoyment of control...
    21: ...contains enough moisture, the water will condense from the rising air and form cumulus clouds. Well-f...
    23: ...g inversion]] which stops the air in the thermals from rising higher. During winter the solar heat ca...
    25: .... Typical spots to find thermals are over towns, freshly [[plough]]ed fields and [[asphalt]] roads, h...
  175. Satellite (6584 bytes)
    13: ...o study the ionosphere; [[rocket]]s changed that. From 1946 to [[1952]], [[upper-atmosphere]] [[resear...
    26: ...communications]] using [[radio]] at [[microwave]] frequencies. Most communications satellites use [[ge...
    28: ...llites specifically designed to observe [[Earth]] from [[orbit]], similar to
    37: ...tead, other vehicles are used as transport to and from the station. Space stations are designed for me...
  176. Weed control (16617 bytes)
    1: ...ulching]] and [[herbicide]]s. Prevention of weeds from growing is desirable, but often difficult to ac...
    6: ...them, and we would be the poorer without them"'' (from the introduction to ''[http://www.eco-logicbook...
    13: ...that of the crop, and the weeds had already taken from the soil about half of the nitrogen and a third...
    21: ...rs. Its bloom is resistant to all but a very hard freeze, and even that will only kill it back briefly...
    27: ...thus and soil disturbance will produce a flush of fresh weed seedlings.

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