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Visakhapatnam (విశాఖపట్నం) (Also Vishākhapatnam, shortened and Anglicized: Vizag) is a large city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It sits on the shore of the Bay of Bengal, and has the fourth largest port in India, and the country's oldest shipyard. Prime Minister Nehru launched independent India's first ship, the "Jala Usha" from here. It also goes by the name Waltair given during British times. Tourist attractions include beautiful beaches, green-capped hills, breathtaking valleys (Araku), dense jungles, ancient cave formations (Borra Caves), a 11th century temple, ancient Buddhist sites and a submarine museum ,the first of its kind in south-east asia(R.K Beach).

It is a prominent industrial town, and is home to many heavy industries including

  • HPCL – Oil Refinery
  • Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant(Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL))
  • Zinc Smelter
  • Bharat Heavy Plate and Vessels Ltd.
  • Hindustan shipyard
  • Coramandel Fertilizers

It is also one of the fastest growing IT/ITeS cities in the country with the following major players apart from other small players:

  • NuNet Technologies [1] (
  • Satyam Computers (in pipeline)
  • Visit for info about the special economic zone in Visakhapatnam

The Andhra Pradesh government is trying to confirm deals with Wipro, TCS and also for a Volkswagen plant to come up in Vizag [2] ( The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has also expressed interest in setting up a research centre and a nuclear power plant here.

Visakhapatnam is also the headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy.


The City/Town

Well generally Vizag is pretty laid back, now turning into important commercial hub on the east coast. Now with the outcome of companies which started to pour into this shy town a wave of changes have hit this place paving way to new standards in governance and muncipal administration . Its on its way to become a major city and is one of the best places for real estate invesment.

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The city is named after the god of valour, Visakha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, who is also the ruler of the planet Mars and the god of war.

The antiquity of the region is evident in its mention in the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The former tells of the forests through which Rama travelled in search of his abducted wife, and where he met his devotee, Shabari, who directed him to the mountains where Hanuman lived. Rama also met Jambavan, a bear man, who helped him in his battle with Ravana. It was here, too, that Bheema defeated the demon Bakasura - the Pandava's huge stone club can be seen in the village of Uppalam, 40 km away.

This region, formerly part of the great Kalinga empire that stretched up to the river Godavari, has also been mentioned in Hindu and Buddhist texts from the 5th and 6th centuries BCE, as well as by Sanskrit grammarians, Panini and Katyayana in the 4th century BCE.

This city was ruled by several dynasties: the Kalingas during the 7th century, the Chankyas during the 8th century, and later the Rajahmundry Reddy kings, the Cholas, the Qutb Shahis of Golconda, the Mughal Empire, and the Nizams of Hyderabad.

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Local legend has it that an Andhra king (9-11th century), on his way to Benares, rested there. So enchanted was he with the sheer beauty of the place that he ordered a temple to be built in honor of his family deity, Visakha. Archaeological sources, however, reveal that the temple was possibly built between the 11th and 12th centuries by the Chola king, Kulottunga. A shipping merchant, Sankarayya Chetty, built one of the mandapams, or pillared halls of the temple. Though it no longer exists - it may have been washed away about 100 years ago by a cyclonic storm - elderly residents of Vizag talk of visits to the ancient shrine by their grandparents.

In the 18th century, Visakhapatnam was part of the Northern Circars, a region of Coastal Andhra that came first under French control, and was later captured by the British. Visakhapatnam became a district in the Madras Presidency of British India. After India's independence this was the biggest district in the country, and was subsequently divided into the three districts of Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram and Visakhapatnam.


Visakha Utsav 2005 is scheduled during the Sankranthi in 2005 (14-16 January, 2005). The festival would focus on the arts and culture of the rural and tribal people arrangements would be made for the festival to be held in January to enable the holiday crowd enjoy it.

During the recent tsunami disaster, despite being on the coast, Vizag was not affected much but the water level rose in the harbour and washed out the fish godowns and the fish laid out to dry.

Timeline of Vizag's history

  • 260 BCE: Ashoka conquered the Kalinga empire (of which Vizag was a part).
  • 208: Chandra Sri Satakarni was king of this region.
  • 14th Century: Simhachalam Temple built.
  • 1515: Krishna Deva Raya was ruler of the area comprising Vizag
  • Mid-17th Century: A factory was founded in "Vizagapatam" by the British East India Company.
  • 1689: This factory was occupied by the forces of Aurangzeb.
  • c.1735: Dutch Colony was established.
  • 1765: The territory of the Northern Circars, of which Vizag was a part, ceded to the East India Company on dissolution of the Moghul Empire. Following this, a British colony was established.
  • 1904: Railway from Madras to Calcutta, passing through Vizagapatam was opened.
  • 1926: Andhra University established.
  • 1933: Visakhapatnam Port established.
  • 1942: Japanese war planes attack Vizag.
  • 1947: Eastern Naval Command established its base here. Prior to 1947 the Royal Navy had a base in HMIS Sircars.
  • 1949: Scindia Shipyard started. Later nationalised and called Hindustan Shipyard.
  • 1957: Refinery started by Caltex.
  • 1981: Visakhapatnam Steel Plant commenced operations.

Vizag pictures

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Vizag at night

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Websites About Visakhapatnam

de:Visakhapatnam pt:Vishakhapatnam ro:Vishakhapatnam


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