Enterococcus

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Enterococcus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Bacteria
Division:Firmicutes
Class:Bacilli
Order:Lactobacillales
Family:Enterococcaceae
Genus:Enterococcus
Species

Enterococcus is a genus of bacteria of the phylum Firmicutes. They are round gram-positive cells which occur in pairs and are difficult to distinguish from Streptococcus. Two species are common commensal organisms in the intestines of humans: E. faecalis and E. faecium. They are anaerobic, not requiring oxygen to live, but they can survive in the presence of oxygen. Important clinical infections caused by Enterococcus are urinary tract infection, bacteremia, bacterial endocarditis, diverticulitis, wound infections and rarely meningitis. This bacterium is usually sensitive to ampicillin and vancomycin. During the last decade, a particularly virulent strain of Enterococcus which is resistant to both ampicillin and vancomycin has plagued hospitalized patients.de:Enterococcus

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