Brussels-Capital Region

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This article explains the status of the "Brussels-Capital Region". The main article about Brussels is here.

Template:Infobox City The Brussels-Capital Region (French: Rgion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Brssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: Rgion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. Brussels citizens belonging to the French-speaking French Community of Belgium or to the Flemish Community, or often to one of the many communities of migrant and EU-nationals. Both French and Dutch are official languages in Brussels; all public services are bilingual. French is more commonly spoken by residents.

Contents

History

The Region was created in 1989.

Demographics

On January 1, 2003, the region had a population of 992,041 for 161.382 km² which gives a population density of 6,309 inhabitants per km².

Ethnic Belgians, consisting of Flemings (estimated at 15 to 18% of Belgian nationals in Brussels) and French-speakers (over 80%) live alongside significant numbers of migrant communities, as well as rapidly growing communities of EU-nationals from other EU-member states. Minorities speak English, Arabic, Turkish, Spanish, Italian, Polish, Berber, and other languages. The degree of integration varies widely within each migrant group. However, in all major migrants groups from outside the EU, a majority of the permanent residents have acquired the Belgian nationality.

Although historically Roman Catholic, most people in Brussels are non-practicing. About 10% of the population regularly attends church services. Among the religions, Roman Catholicism is in the majority, followed by a large minority of Muslims and by atheists which are also recognised as a philosophical group. Other (recognised) religions (Protestantism, Anglicanism and Judaism) are practised by much smaller groups in Brussels.

Brussels is also a centre for both Dutch- and French-speaking freemasons and atheists. It houses several key organisations of the officially recognised "lay philosophy" (French: laque, Dutch: vrijzinnig).

Institutions

Because of how the federalisation was handled in Belgium, the public institutions in Brussels offer a bewildering complexity. One distinguishes:

  • 19 local, municipal authorities
  • 6 inter-municipal policing zones
  • 1 territorial administration level for the region; this administration level also assumes 99% of the responsibilities of the region;
  • 2 community-specific public authorities, VGC or Vlaamse GemeenschapsCommissie for the Flemings in Brussels, and the COCOF (or Commission communautaire franaise); these authorities have both directly elected councils, an executive and their own administration; the COCOF has also certain legislative powers;
  • 1 bi-communitarian public authority, Gezamelijke Gemeenschapscommissie, in charge of certain cultural institutions of 'national, Belgian interest'; this body is basically a meeting formum between COCOF an VGC.

Cultural, education and community-related public matters are the competence of either the French Community of Belgium or the Flemish Community, or, for a few matters, from a bi-community cooperation.

See also

External links


Communities, regions and provinces of Belgium Flag of Belgium

Communities: French Community of Belgium | Flemish Community in Belgium | German-speaking community of Belgium

Regions and provinces:

Flanders: Antwerp | East Flanders | Flemish Brabant | Limburg | West Flanders

Wallonia: Hainaut | Lige | Luxembourg | Namur | Walloon Brabant

Brussels-Capital Region

bg:Брюксел-Столичен регион

de:Hauptstadtregion Brssel fr:Rgion de Bruxelles-Capitale it:Regione di Bruxelles-Capitale lb:Brissel (Haaptstadregioun) nl:Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest

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