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Buganda is the kingdom of the 52 clans of the Baganda people, the largest of the four traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. There is still some contention on the fifth kingdom Nkore.



Organised and ruled by a king called the Kabaka, the Baganda formed the political kernel of the future country, Uganda. It is now a constitutional monarchy, with a parliament called Lukiiko that sits in parliamentary buildings called Bulange. The Lukiiko has a sergeant-at-arms, speaker and provisional seats for the royals, 18 county chiefs, cabinet ministers, 52 clan heads, invited guests and a gallery. The Kabaka only attends two sessions in a year; once when he is openning the first session of the year and twice, when he is closing the last session of the year.

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Buganda covers the land immediately to the north of Lake Victoria, extending slightly to the south west. It was formerly the name of a province in Uganda. The Luganda language is widely spoken there (also by others than the Baganda), for example in Kampala.


Originally a vassal state of Bunyoro it grew rapidly in power in the eighteenth and nineteenth century becoming the dominant state in the region. It became the closest ally of Great Britain in the region and rose as British power increased in the region. Buganda was given a great deal of control over the other kingdoms in the protectorate: Toro, Nkore, Busoga and Bunyoro. When the colony became an independent state, on 9th October 1962, it was named Uganda, the Swahili name of Buganda and its Kabaka, Sir Edward Muteesa II (King Freddie), became the first president. However, the monarchy and much of Buganda's autonomy was revoked, along with that of the other 4 Ugandan kingdoms, in 1967, after Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote abrogated the 1966 constitution and turned the state into a Republic. (Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote ordered an attack on King Freddie's palace on 24th May 1966, forcing King Fredddie into exile in Britain). The monarchy was restored in 1993. The present kabaka, Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II, was coronated on 31st July, 1993, in a world wide publicised ceremony.

Please see list of Kings of Buganda.

External links



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