Adjutant general

From Academic Kids

An adjutant general is the chief administrative officer to a military general.

In the United Kingdom, the Adjutant-General to the Forces is the head of the British Army's infrastucture and administration and is the second most senior general in the Army after the Chief of the General Staff. Chief administrative officers in other formations are entitled Deputy, Assistant, or Deputy Assistant Adjutant-Generals depending on the size of the formation. The Adjutant General's Corps is tasked with the administrative management of personnel.

In the United States, an Adjutant General may administer any major military unit, including a division, state guard unit, militia, corps, etc. Adjutant Generals are often tasked with maintaining personnel records and as such sometimes have oversight over veterans' institutions. An Adjutant General is the senior military officer and de facto commander of the National Guard (and in some cases State Defense Forces) of each state. In all but two states, the Adjutant General is appointed by the state governor. (The exceptions are Vermont, where the Adjutant General is appointed by the legislature, and South Carolina, where they are elected by the voters.) In the District of Columbia, the Adjutant General is appointed by the mayor.

In the Imperial Russia, the General-Adjutant (Russian: Генерал-адьютант) was a Court officer, who was usually an army General. He served as a personal aide to the Tsar and hence was a member of the Svita. The Table of Ranks included a similarily titled army officer, with the rank of Colonel, who acted as a general's adjutant.

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